Marrakech Declaration: Community and associative media in Morocco
See Declaration (PDF)
An initiative of E-joussour, a community portal for the civil society in the Maghreb and the Mashreq, which is a project of Forum des Alternatives Maroc (FMAS), and in partnership with the World Community Radio Broadcasters Association (AMARC), and the support of International Media Support (IMS), more than sixty civil society activists, journalists, bloggers, experts, trainers and media professionals gathered in Marrakech between 5 and 8 December, 2011 to examine public service broadcasting and community and associative radios, aiming to promote citizen journalism in Morocco. Experts and coordinators of community media networks from around the globe, particularly from Latin America (Argentina, Brazil), Africa (Ghana, Senegal, Niger, Egypt, Tunisia), the Middle East (Palestine) and Europe (France) conducted various workshops that focused on the regulating and self- regulating legislative framework needed for this public service sector to thrive, which will in its turn ensure the democratization of the Moroccan media landscape.
Resulting from an exchange of principles and internationally recognized standards recommended by the UNESCO, the African Charter of Radios and the successful experiences around the world, the Marrakech declaration on Community and Associative Media was adopted by the participants who agreed on the following points:
1. With a new democratic system imposed and adopted by the populations of the Maghreb Mashreq region, a diverse and democratic media field - fueled by an effective participation and a legitimized and protected ownership of information by citizens, is now a decisive tool for the future of societies and their modes of governance at all levels and in all sectors of community life;
2. All media sectors including community media, which are dedicated to the democratization of the state and the society and devoted to the establishment of an active citizenship for a good governance, must be guided by human rights principles as stipulated in the Universal Declaration, and by ethics as stated in the international charters adopted and promoted among media professionals worldwide;
3. "The right to communicate" has become an undeniable right owned and exercised by the youth of the Machreq and Maghreb region, who through their media initiatives and cyber activism proved that this is a modern and decisive right that now needs access to an advanced place in the framework of human rights and the internationally recommended models for good and democratic governance;
4. For this community media sector to play its appropriate role in promoting a culture of democratic, participatory and citizen governance, it must ensure that the standards, practices and norms of such governance and culture are respected and promoted constantly within this medium, and in all aspects, activities and life cycle of a community radio: its organization, functioning, financing, governance, content, and so on. In this regard, all participants in the Marrakech meeting learnt about the principles and standards regulating this tool as recommended by AMARC and instructed by successful community media experiences around the world, and which shared a reference guide for practices and initiatives of community radios;
5. Community media can not claim to play a societal role in the community until its purpose and meaning of its practices, as non-profit media, are strictly defined by and depending on its target population, which is a group of citizens that mobilize and share common goals, be they social, cultural, economic ... A community or associative radio emerges from a group or association that governs and manages it, and which develops and produces its content, as well as regularly assesses its impact and mission;
6. Morocco - like many countries in the Maghreb Mashreq region, where the dynamism and unprecedented activism of its citizens and civil societies in the mediasphere and new technologies, have tested and grabbed their right to communicate - is called upon alongside its youth to officially enshrine this right in a law and hence empower the community media sector by the adoption of the necessary legislation, regulating and self-regulating framework, in order to embed its legitimacy and freedom of action in the institutional and political practices of the country, and establish it as a third category of media actors, alongside public service media and private media;
7. In order for this sector to thrive and succeed as an effective actor in the national media landscape, it is imperative that the network of local associations, such as NGOs promoting human rights, freedom of expression, the right to information and communication, form partnerships and networks, to carry out and support the necessary advocacy and lobby for the creation of community media, and to encourage and support every initiative to set up a broadcast radio or web radio, and also assist in capacity building through trainings and leadership development;
8. Ongoing initiatives of community media in Morocco, including web radios and community portals, must be at the forefront in achieving this advocacy and networking objective, with the support of the rest of the Moroccan civil society and in partnership with international renowned actors such as AMARC, which benefits from the strength and dynamism of its 4000 members (media and media networks) in 115 countries.
(For further information, visit:
www.e-joussour ; www.amarc.org ; www.unesco.org ; www.i-m-s.dk) Marrakech,
December 8, 2011
Presentation de Alymana Bathily - (PDF in French)
Le plaidoyer pour la radio communautaire en Afrique: contexte, cibles et objectifs
Presentacion de Ernesto Lamas
Radios comunitarias : para una información ciudadana - Parte 1 (PDF in Spanish)
Radios comunitarias : para una información ciudadana - Parte 2 (PDF in Spanish)
The AMARC Africa Capacity Building Conference will be held in Dakar, Senegal from 24 to 26 January 2012 under the theme: “Enhancing Community Broadcasting in Africa”.
The civil society Portal Maghreb Machrek e-joussour, a Forum des Alternatives Maroc (FMAS) program, organizes in collaboration with the World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC) and the support of International Media Support (IMS), the International meeting « Community Radios: For a Citizen Information » on 5, 6, 7 and 8 December, in Marrakech.
This meeting is in line with the project "Community media, for a citizen information", initiated by
e-joussour/FMAS and co-sponsored by the European Union.
The objective of these four days of seminar, supervised by international experts, is double:
- On one side, to establish an advocacy strategy in the light of the precisions that will bring the international experts;
- On the other side, to provide a technical support for the setting up, the management and the animation of the community radios by Moroccan civil society actors.
Also, it will be the occasion to:
- Present the synthesis of the six regional meetings of « Dialogue for the setting up of community media in Morocco » that was organized to the benefice of the civil society in all regions of Morocco;
- Present the result of the study « Diagnostic of the legislative framework regulating the Moroccan media landscape », the memorandum, the bill and the specifications booklet model for the setting up of community radios, realized by the international expert Said Essoulami ;
- Expose the concept of webradio « Joussour » which intends to be participative, the mouthpiece of the Moroccan civil society, and that will support the advocacy campaign.
The closing of this meeting will be the occasion of the official launching of « Joussour » webradio, the diffusion of the study as well as the launching of the advocacy campaign for the adoption of a legislative framework insuring the existence of community radios in Morocco.
For more information :
Imane Bounjara // Project Officer
06 62 06 97 09 // firstname.lastname@example.org
+ Training Program (In French)